With rapid advancements underway in the field of robotic materials, robotic surgeries, self-adjusting camouflage and prosthetic limbs that can give people back their sense of touch could all be a reality in a few years.
Magnesium is lightweight, strong enough for many vital applications, and easy to manufacture. Scientists are working to make it corrosion resistant, as well.
Also known as liquid metal induced embrittlement, LME occurs when normally ductile metals experience a drastic increase in brittleness after exposure to certain liquid metals.
Advanced composite materials have a long history of use in military and government aerospace applications, but as costs of production decline, they will eventually become more integrated into mainstream markets.
Corrosion can be a big problem in the solar industry, though new advances in solar power production methods will likely be developed which are free from the impact of corrosion.
Thermal shock is the process by which a temperature gradient causes separate areas of a material to expand differently, creating stress on the material. Once the stress exceeds the strength of the material, a crack forms and will begin to propagate through the material until the material ultimately fails.
Wear is an erosion process that occurs through surface contact. There are many environmental factors that can affect the wear rate of a material in operation such as stress loading, temperature, the type of surface contact, as well as the type of material.