Glass is generally seen as a highly corrosion resistant material, but despite being good material choice for severe environments, glass can undergo corrosion, known as “glass disease.”
Magnesium is lightweight, strong enough for many vital applications, and easy to manufacture. Scientists are working to make it corrosion resistant, as well.
Also known as liquid metal induced embrittlement, LME occurs when normally ductile metals experience a drastic increase in brittleness after exposure to certain liquid metals.
Corrosion can be a big problem in the solar industry, though new advances in solar power production methods will likely be developed which are free from the impact of corrosion.
Thermal shock is the process by which a temperature gradient causes separate areas of a material to expand differently, creating stress on the material. Once the stress exceeds the strength of the material, a crack forms and will begin to propagate through the material until the material ultimately fails.
Wear is an erosion process that occurs through surface contact. There are many environmental factors that can affect the wear rate of a material in operation such as stress loading, temperature, the type of surface contact, as well as the type of material.